What is Waste Management & Various Waste Disposal Methods?

tree plantation in India

India is one of the biggest waste producers in the world as it produces over 62 million tonnes of mixed waste (includes both recyclable and non-recyclable) every year, as per Press Information Bureau. The waste disposal problem has left the whole world handicapped, if not managed properly it is not just detrimental to the health of the humans but the whole human kind. Though many profit, non-profit and governmental organizations are researching ways to tackle and manage the problem at hand but it is losing the battle at the very ground level- educating people the basics of separation.

What does a proper waste management system include? It is a step model in which first the waste is collected, then transported and finally disposal of garbage, sewage and other mixed waste products. The process of waste management involves treating solid and liquid waste separately- where mixed organic waste and mixed inorganic waste are separated to be treated differently. Basically, waste management is a complete journey from the collection of garbage until it is reduced to nothing or compost.

If managed properly, the uncountable benefits such as- Better Environment, Reduced Pollution, Conservation of Energy, etc. will give the economy the required boost while providing a clean, healthy and safe living environment for its residents. Below, we have discussed some of the waste disposal methods that can help save the environment from the drudgery of garbage and waste:

1.  Landfills: Many developing countries across the world, including India, follow this technique to manage the waste. Landfills are a good option to reduce the waste smell and garbage, only after treating the waste properly. In fact, this method can reduce the waste up to 20-30% of its original volume.

2. Composting: This is one of the most organic methods to degrade the waste produced. This method is most suitable to reduce mixed organic waste into compost which can be used to improve the quality of tree plantation in India. This method do not release and toxic smell or gas in the environment.

3. Avoidance/Waste Minimization: Of all the practices of Waste Management or Disposal, this is the one that begins at home. People must not only follow the rules & regulations implemented by their governments but also educate themselves on the various fronts to minimize the waste produced at home- both organic and inorganic. In fact, households can also practice home composting to help reduce the burden on the municipality and further on the environment.

4. Community Waste Reduction using GoClean Organic Waste Composting Machine: Clean India Ventures have designed a technology that reduces approx. over 1000 kg of mixed organic waste within 24-48 hours. This machine can be installed by societies, colonies, temples, horticulture farms, etc. to reduce waste at sight and also to curb the problem of mismanagement of waste leading to environmental issues.