Throwing waste in the dustbin is a good habit. However, this is not the stage where the process of waste management ends or this is not the only role which consumers have to play. Since Swacch Bharat came into action, everyone got to know about the effective household waste management but has anyone ever given a thought to what contributions they are doing to keep the environment clean? Or what will happen to the garbage that is thrown every day? Or how it will be treated? Or where it will be dumped? If we realize, most of us are rarely bother about it. Therefore, it is an urgent need of kitchen waste management in India.
Today the solid waste management is the biggest challenge faced by urban areas and metropolitan cities across the world. According to the World Bank report in 2010, India is generating approximately 1.1 lac tonnes of waste every day. With constant rise in pollution waste, the statistics are expected to triple by 2025. There are many waste management companies in Delhi which help in reducing the pollution from the environment by processing waste through innovative machines like green waste reprocessor.
Why Kitchen Waste Management is Important?
Segregation is the most important step for waste management and reducing the waste. Diverse waste materials require different ways of treatment as mixed waste cannot be treated. As waste is segregated as biodegradable wet waste and inorganic dry waste can be treated by two different ways. It is very important to segregate waste for kitchen waste management is important because:
- A kitchen with proper waste segregation and waste management does not attracts diseases and pests. The waste segregation system should have a separate place for wet waste which should be well-ventilated and away from the household pests. This will lead to a much cleaner and smell better in your kitchen.
- Proper segregation is important proper recycling and increasing the recycling rate. Segregation leads to collection process more convenient and efficient for collecting companies.
- Proper segregation is required for functioning of waste incineration. Segregation is required for proper working of incineration plants which burn waste with zero emissions.
Separating Kitchen Waste
Wastes is generating constantly in one apartment complex or office building. It is important to dispose of appropriately and responsibly Wastes can be divided into the categories:
- Biodegradable waste includes organic waste, e.g. kitchen waste, vegetables, fruits, flowers, garden
- Non- biodegradable waste includes
- Recyclable waste- plastics, paper, glass, metal, etc
- Toxic waste: Old medicines, paints, chemicals, bulbs, spray cans, fertilizer and pesticide containers, batteries, shoe polish.
- Soiled: Hospital waste such as cloth soiled with blood and other body fluids.
- E-waste: Floppy disks, batteries, CD’s etc.,
There are several things to keep in mind while managing the kitchen waste:
- Separate waste- Segregate the dustbins for dry and wet waste.
- Maintain two bags for dry waste collection- paper, plastic and other items which are recyclable, for the rest of the household waste.
- Keep plastic from the kitchen clean and dry and drop into the dry waste bin.
- Keep glass /plastic containers rinsed of food matter
- Store and send dry waste out of the home, once a week.
- Use cloth bags instead of plastic.
- Donate items when possible.
- Dispose biodegradable waste with the local garbage trucks or begin a composting pit in garden
- Toxic waste if any must be isolated and disposed of in a responsible manner depending on the kind of toxic waste.
- Soiled waste must be sent to an incinerator.
- Keep a paper bag for throwing the sanitary waste.
The success for the strategies developed to manage waste is promising as innovation and investments but also depends on the contributions made by the citizens. There are many efficient ways to solve the waste problem for cities while preserving well-being of the environment and sanitation of every worker. Some of the ventures like Clean India Ventures who are helping to make the environment better with automatic mechanised organic waste converter designed to reduce and recycle organic waste and convert it into organic compost and liquid fuel.